Mercer | Pennsylvania, History, Economy (2024)

county, Pennsylvania, United States


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Mercer | Pennsylvania, History, Economy (1)

Mercer, county, northwestern Pennsylvania, U.S., bordered by Ohio to the west and located midway between the cities of Erie and Pittsburgh. It consists of rolling hills on the Allegheny Plateau. The principal waterways are the Shenango and Little Shenango rivers, Shenango River Lake, and Lake Wilhelm, which is surrounded by Maurice K. Goddard State Park.

The county was created in 1800 and named for Hugh Mercer, a general in the American Revolution. The main communities are Hermitage, Sharon, Farrell, Grove City, Greenville, and Sharpsville. The borough of Mercer is the county seat. The economy is based on heavy industry, bituminous coal mining, and agriculture (dairy, hay, and oats). Area 672 square miles (1,740 square km). Pop. (2000) 120,293; (2010) 116,638.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen.

Mercer | Pennsylvania, History, Economy (2024)


What was the economy of the 13 colonies Pennsylvania? ›

Its fertile lands made the colony a productive region for the commercial farming of flax, hemp, wheat, corn and other grains, especially in the southeastern quarter, which was known as the "Breadbasket of North America." An abundance of iron ore, limestone, wood, and water allowed Pennsylvania to lead the colonies in ...

What problems did the Pennsylvania colony face? ›

The relationship between natives and settlers soured over the years as a result of miscommunication, an increase in the number of English colonizers coming to Pennsylvania, outward land expansion, disease and, most notably, a transfer of power.

What industry did Pennsylvania's economy rely on to make it successful? ›

Agriculture. The prosperous farms of the Pennsylvania Germans have always been a bulwark of our agricultural economy. The settlement and development of western and northern Pennsylvania initially occurred because of agriculture.

How did people make money in early Pennsylvania? ›

From its beginning, Pennsylvania ranked as a leading agricultural area and produced surpluses for export, adding to its wealth. By the 1750s an exceptionally prosperous farming area had developed in southeastern Pennsylvania. Wheat and corn were the leading crops, though rye, hemp, and flax were also important.

What type of economy did Pennsylvania have? ›

Pennsylvania has long been considered a predominantly agricultural state, but it has grown into an industrially diverse economy, with business and growth opportunities available in different industries.

How was the economy in the colonies? ›

The 13 colonies developed their economies through a vast British trade network. However, each colonial region was different, as the New England colonies focused on shipping, the Middle Colonies focused on industry, and the Southern Colonies focused on agriculture.

What was Pennsylvania originally called? ›

Penn named the territory New Wales. A Welsh member of England? s Privy Council objected, so Penn called it Sylvania (woods). The king changed the name to Pennsylvania, in honor of the admiral.

What colony broke away from Pennsylvania? ›

The lower counties on Delaware, a separate colony within the Pennsylvania Province, broke away during the American Revolution and was established as the Delaware State and also became one of the original thirteen states.

Why was Pennsylvania the most successful colony? ›

Nonetheless, Penn's colony was undoubtedly a religious and commercial success. The prospect of religious freedom attracted many middle-class merchants, farmers, and traders from Europe, and Philadelphia's population quickly surpassed that of the much older New York City.

What are the top 3 major industries in Pennsylvania? ›

The largest industries by revenue in Pennsylvania are Health & Medical Insurance, Drug, Cosmetic & Toiletry Wholesaling and Hospitals, which generated $94.5b, $83.6b and $63.0b in 2023.

How did Pennsylvania survive economically? ›

Early years as a state

During the next 70 years, roads were improved and extended, canals were built, farm equipment was mechanized, and railroads spanned the state, all combining with the economic strength of the thrifty Philadelphians to make Pennsylvania a major commercial power.

Was Pennsylvania founded for economic reasons? ›

On March 4, 1681, Charles II of England granted the Province of Pennsylvania to William Penn to settle a debt of £16,000 (around £2,100,000 in 2008, adjusting for retail inflation) that the king owed to Penn's father. Penn founded a proprietary colony that provided a place of religious freedom for Quakers.

What was the main economic activity of the Pennsylvania colony? ›

The economy of the Pennsylvania Colony revolves around wheat, grain, and agriculture. We are called one of the "Breadbasket Colonies" by other towns in the nation. The Pennsylvania Colony's economy is currently faring well, for people in England and the other colonies are buying and trading our crops.

What was the main cash crop in Pennsylvania? ›

The top crops are hay and corn, but the state ranks first nationally in production of mushrooms, producing approximately 443 billion pounds annually.

What was Pennsylvania known for in the 13 colonies? ›

While each of the Thirteen Colonies contributed to the American Revolution, Pennsylvania and especially Philadelphia were a center for the early planning and ultimately the formation of rebellion against King George III and the British empire, which was then the most powerful political and military empire in the world.

What resources did the Pennsylvania colony have? ›

History of Geologic Economic Resources in Pennsylvania

During the 1700s, the mining of iron, lead, copper, and other metal ores met the needs of a burgeoning colonial society for items like cannons and ammunition, nails, stoves, and other household items.


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